The candeia tree (Eremanthus erythropappus) is a native species from Brazil, with natural occurrence mainly in Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Espinhaço in the State of Minas Gerais. The essential oil extracted from this wood is rich in (-) α bisabolol, widely used in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries due to its well-known anti-inflammatory properties.
Through appropriate stewardship techniques, it is possible to explore this natural resource according to sustainable practices. In Brazil, thanks to a research supported by CITRÓLEO and CNPq, the Federal University of Lavras (UFLA) defined the ideal approaches to the conservation of natural forests of candeia.
As the main result, this research contributed to the creation of an exclusive legislation, establishing the conditions for the sustainable use of this species. Furthermore, committing to sustainability, Citróleo started in 2002 a program to plant candeia, and since then has invested large sums in the preparation of seedling nursery and plant cultivation.
This work which continues to be developed, includes the production and distribution of more than 100,000 seedlings per year, and is conducted on Citróleo’s farm in Baependi – Minas Gerais, where experimental studies are also developed in partnership with UFLA, focusing on continuous improvement and development of plant quality and its establishment after planting. Currently Citróleo, has over one million seedlings planted, which ensures the sustainability in the production of alpha bisabolol.
Projects Financed by CITRÓLEO:
“Candeia Sustainable Stewardship”
“Candeia Stewardship Plan”
“Native Candeia Stewardship Plan”
“Size and shape of experimental batches for Eremanthus Erythropappus”
“Growth and production of candeia subject to different spacing and pruning”