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Green active – A Natural & Sustainable alternative with proven efficacy for capillary treatment and reconstruction – A World Trend.

Home / Green active – A Natural & Sustainable alternative with proven efficacy for capillary treatment and reconstruction – A World Trend.

Green active – A Natural & Sustainable alternative with proven efficacy for capillary treatment and reconstruction – A World Trend.

Abstract

The objective of the development of AlphaImprove 4D Hair was to bring to the cosmetics market an innovation with product 100% natural, using sustainable sources along with proven efficacy in hair treatment.

It is a Brazilian Active, rich in medium chain triglycerides, lauric acid and behenic acid, wich meets the needs and trends of the global cosmetic market with innovative concepts such as “natural” & “green cosmetics”, original from sustainable sources and with foundation by proven efficacy test.

To prove the efficacy of the AlphaImprove 4D Hair, the tests were performed in people of both gender, in dry hair and wet, presented significant efficacy in capillary treatment. No participant reported feelings of discomfort and none clinical signs were detected after use of the product. The tests were applied by validated laboratories in the competent regulatory bodies from Brazil, applying the best scientific protocols that support the real benefits of the studied active.

AlphaImprove 4D Hair, covers 4 dimensions of attributes with efficacy in hair treatment: Deep repair, Densification of the hair fiber (in/out), Reduction of volume / frizz and thermal protection. The result is a complete treatment, providing balance to damaged hair and restoring wire structure.

 

1.INTRODUCTION

 Citróleo Group is a Brazilian company, founded in Torrinha, in the hinterland of São Paulo where is based the headquarter, being also in 3 other states of Brazil. Present in the market for more than 33 years, it is globally recognized by offering to the market products with standard quality and originally from sustainable sources.

To keep the sustainability, quality and traceability invest in sustainable management plans and plantations, as well as in partnerships with farmers in Minas Gerais and Bahia states, as well as, with communities on the Amazonian, generating profits and new sources of income.

Following these concepts, the development of AlphaImprove 4D Hair was based on Synergy of Orbignya oleifera seed oil, Pentaclethra macroloba seed oil and Natural Bisabolol from candeia tree. Its composition is naturally rich in a complete chain of triglycerides, lauric acid and behenic acid.

The AlphaImprove 4D Hair presents to the market an innovation in its approach, covering 4 dimensions of attributes in a single compound, obtained from a synergy of Amazonian plants potentiated by the action of Natura Alpha Bisabolol from Candeia tree produced by Citróleo. The unique, 100% natural, sustainable and multifunctional active with 4 dimensions action: deep repair, redensification of the hair fiber in the cortex and cuticle (in/out), volume reduction / frizz and thermo Protection. The action of AlphaImprove 4D Hair operates deeply on the hair fiber acting on the cortex, which is the inside part of the capillary mass. In addition, it acts in the cuticle, filling in cracks or cavities.

Besides that, it has several other benefits such as recovery the damaged surface, smoothing the scales, filling the cuticle and providing strength and resistance to the structure to the threads. It provides intensive moisturizing and replenishing of hair mass on damaged hair. Protects against damage caused by chemical processes, dryer, curling iron and external aggressors, such as sun and pollution. Provides gloss, smoothness, combability and ease of tangled wire. It helps in the thermal realignment of the wires.

The active has high affinity with hair proteins that can penetrate inside in the hair cuticle, reducing their propensity to dilate and preventing protein loss. It repairs the attrition caused by the water after successive washes and chemical processes, increasing the strength and resistance of the wires.

 

2.EFFICACY TESTS

2.1 Assessment of the cuticle restructuring of hair fiber by Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM) after cosmetic product application

 The images obtained were analyzed visually so as to evaluate the differences of minimized
damages (cuticle restoring) after cosmetic product usage. The photos obtained of the hair fibers
submitted to each treatment, standard shampoo and AlphaImprove 4D hair, and were visually compared concerning the extension of cuticle damage.

Image 1 – Cuticle restructuring of hair fiber with Standard product

Image 2 – Cuticle restructuring of hair fiber with AlphaImprove 4D Hair

 

The treatment with the product AlphaImprove 4D hair was effective to restore hair fiber surface (cuticle) after assessment by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). Supported claims: cuticle damage repair; hair surface improvement; promotes cuticle restoration.

2.2 Instrumental Assessment of the Hair Fiber Restructuring / Redensification Efficacy by Scanning Fluorescence Microscopy.

The substantivity assessment of components in cosmetic preparations may be performed by
several methods, among which the Scanning Fluorescence Microscopy technique stands out. This analysis involves the use of fluorescent marker molecules to quantify components that penetrate the hair fiber.

For this study, we selected Rhodamine B as a marker, which is a cationic dye that reacts with the active sites of the sulfonic acid formed from cleavage of disulfide bonds. The reaction ends in the formation of a fluorescent complex in the hair fiber that is detected by the scanning fluorescent microscope. The assessment was performed by visual comparison of the images obtained with the equipment Fluorescence Microscope (XLmulti S1, Zeiss®)

The slides prepared per treatment were examined with Fluorescence Microscope (XL multi S1,
Zeiss®) to capture the images. The obtained images were visually compared between treatments to evaluate hair substantivity by fluorescence intensity.

 

The images above show the intensity of fluorescence where the standard shampoo had higher fluorescence intensity, consequently less substantivity compared to the treatment with AlphaImprove 4D Hair. In other words, AlphaImprove 4D hair obtained greater substantivity compared with the standard shampoo.

2.3 Combability Force Reduction Efficacy Assessment by Instrumental Technique.

This study aimed at assessing the reduction of combability forces with the equipment Texture
Analyzer TA-XT2i after application of the product Alphaimprove 4D Hair.

The improvement of this attribute is directly linked to the increase in hair fiber surface softness,
which includes roughness decrease and closing of the most external hair cuticle layers. Macroscopically a smaller degree of aggregation and interaction between fibers is required.

All of these characteristics may be considered as the fiber conditioning state, which must be
improved in order to reduce friction during the combing act and consequently the total energy expended.

The objective combing measurement method is a way to characterize hair in terms of combing
ease or fibers parallelization. It consists on the measurement of the force and energy required to pass a comb through the hair tress.

Graph 1 – Combability Force Reduction Efficacy Assessment

 

Treatment with the AlphaImprove 4D Hair product demonstrated a statistically significant (p <0.05) efficacy in reducing the combing energy (nodes reduction and improvement of yarn clearance) to wet and dry hair compared to the basal state. The treatment with product AlphaImprove 4D Hair promoted an untangling force reduction (combability improvement) of 29% on dry hair and of 20% on wet. Hair.

2.4. Cosmetic Apreciability Assessment of the Test Product to Determine Scalp Thermal Protection Efficacy

Tests in humans are regulated by quite rigid laws, in order to protect and preserve the consumer.
These laws vary according to the country. In Brazil, such tests are permitted, provided that all protocols are approved by the Medical Ethics Committee and follow the precepts of the Helsinki Declaration and Resolution 466/12 (CONSELHO NACIONAL DE SAÚDE, 2012).

  • 94% noticed hair softer after using the product;
  • 88% of the participants liked the product;
  • 81% would buy the product;
  • 72% considered the product effective for scalp thermal protection

2.5. Assessment of the stress strain of hair fiber by texture analyzer – thermal protection

The study aimed to evaluate the average strength of the hair fiber by traction resistance
technique using the equipment Texture Analyzer TA-XT2i after the application of the
AlphaImprove 4D Hair for the assessment of hair fiber strength and thermal protection given by the test product.

Graph 2 . Assessment of the stress strain of hair fiber

 

The treatment with AlphaImprove 4D Hair, presented statistically significant improvement of the hair fiber force (N) when compared with the control treatment. The treatment with the product AlphaImprove 4D hair promoted an improvement of 11% compared with the control treatment in strength of the hair fiber, so AlphaImprove 4D Hair supports the claim “thermal protection”.

2.6 Assessment of the frizz and volume reduction macro visual effects on hair by Image Analysis

By using the digital photography tool it is possible to asses macroscopically the cosmetic effects
visually observed on hair fibers. Therefore, it is an excellent standardized way of demonstrating the haircare products’ efficacy.

Graph 3 – Assessment of the frizz and volume reduction

 

The AlphaImprove 4D Hair was effective in maintaining / reducing the volume and frizz, with a durability of up to 1 month of use.   

2.7 Hair gloss assessment by Glossmeter

This assay aimed at assessing comparatively the gloss results after the application of AlphaImprove 4D Hair, compared with the control. The measurements were obtained instrumentally by the Glossmeter® Micro TRI-Gloss equipment.

As hair brightness is closely related to cuticle hydration (fiber surface), it can be concluded that treatment with AlphaImprove 4D Hair promoted increase of the brightness and hydration around 20%

Graph 4 – Hair gloss assessment

 

The treatment with AlphaImprove 4D Hair demonstrated statistically significant efficacy (p < 0.05) in gloss increase compared with the control treatment (standard shampoo). The treatment with AlphaImprove 4D Hair promoted gloss increase of 19.7% compared with the control treatment. As the hair gloss is intimately related to cuticle hydration (fiber surface), we can conclude that the product AlphaImprove 4D Hair presented a percentage of hydration increase of 19.7% compared with the control treatment (standard shampoo).

2.8 Evaluation of macro visual effects on hair on maintenance of curls by image analysis

The study was to evaluate the effects of image analysis on the maintenance of the hairstyle after application of AlphaImprove 4D Hair. This study allows the rotation of the wick to acquire images at previously established angles. In this study, the angles 0 °, 90 °, 180 ° and 270 ° were adopted. images at different angles in the same experimental time are intended to compensate for no uniform variations in the wick shape. The values of the parameters, when presented by wick, correspond to the averages of the values obtained in these four angles. AlphaImprove 4D Hair promoted a maintenance of 16% of curls after 2 hours

Image 5 Evaluation of macro visual effects on hair on maintenance of curls

 

2.9 Dermatologically tested – Dermatological assessment of the primary and accumulated dermal irritability and sensitization

Quite rigid laws, in order to protect and preserve the consumer, regulate tests on humans.
Such tests are permitted, provided that all protocols are approved by the Medical Ethics Committee and follow the precepts of the Helsinki Declaration and Resolution 196/96.

The contact test (patch test) is the main tool used in the diagnosis of reaction caused by cosmetics
and assessment of allergenicity. The main potential risks of using a new product are irritation, allergy by sensitization, phototoxicity and photosensitization. In the assessment of allergenicity the following clinical trials are involved: primary and accumulated dermal irritation, accumulated skin sensitization, phototoxicity and photosensitization.

AlphaImprove 4D Hair was dermatologically tested and not induce cutaneous irritation and sensitization during the study.

 

3.CONCLUSION

The results shown that the AlphaImprove 4D Hair confers deep repair on the hair fiber by the mechanism of cortical by mass replacement, promoting an improvement of 11% in hair fiber force protecting the capillary cortex from external aggressors and an increase of the brightness and hydration of 20%. Also, it provides improvement of the volume in 33% and 28% in the frizz.

The treatment with product AlphaImprove 4D Hair promoted an untangling force reduction (combability improvement) of 29% on dry hair and of 20% on wet hair.

These results, prove the natural effectiveness of the active, when it is produced in a properly way with quality control, since the treatment of the raw material in the field until the final production.

Citróleo Group offers to the market a proposal of differentiated value, which is to offer 100% natural actives with innovation and focus on the well being of the people. Pride of being a genuinely Brazilian company, Citróleo Group operates in the manufacture of high quality raw materials for the personal care, pharmaceutical and household sector.

Currently the company offers 4 product lines to the national and international markets: Citrogreen (active and formulations), CitroForest (Brazilian biodiversity raw materials – Murumuru, Cupuaçu, Pracaxi, Andiroba, among others), CitroNature (natural and organic Alpha bisabolol) and CitroEssential (essencial oils).

With a careful look to the future, Citróleo Group has partnerships with universities to develop new sustainable solutions for international trends and current market needs, based only in natural products, ensuring the well being of the planet and the future of the new generations.